Regina Kaplan-Rakowski, Assistant Professor












PhD, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, 2016

  • Major: Curriculum and Instruction, Instructional Technology and Design

MA, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, 2006

  • Major: Foreign Languages and Literatures

MEd, Pedagogical University, Cracow, 2001

  • Major: European Studies

Research Interests

  • Immersive Learning Environments: Virtual Reality, Augmented Reality, Mixed Reality, Virtual Worlds
  • Online Teaching and Learning
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI)
  • Computer-Assisted Language Learning
  • 3D Visualizations of Learning Content
  • Multimedia Learning
  • Emerging Technologies
  • Performance Anxiety
  • Second Language Acquisition
  • Vocabulary Teaching/Learning
  • Wellness/Mindfulness 



Recent Selected Publications 


Ferdig, R. E., Hartshorne, R., Baumgartner, E., Kaplan-Rakowski, R., & Mouza, C. (2023). (Eds.) What preK-12 teachers should know about educational technology in 2023: A research-to-practice anthology. Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). 

Cockerham, D., Kaplan-Rakowski, R., Foshay, W., & Spector, J. M. (2023). (Eds.) Reimagining education: Studies and stories for effective learning practices in an evolving digital society. Springer. 

Baumgartner, E., Kaplan-Rakowski, R., Ferdig, R. E., Hartshorne, R., & Mouza, C. (2022). (Eds.) A retrospective of teaching, technology, and teacher education during the COVID-19 pandemic. Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). 

Ferdig, R. E., Baumgartner, E., Hartshorne, R., Kaplan-Rakowski, R., & Mouza, C. (2020). (Eds.) Teaching, technology, and teacher education during the COVID-19 pandemic: Stories from the field. Association for the Advancement of Computing in Education (AACE). 



Kaplan-Rakowski, R., & Gruber, A. (2023). An experimental study on reading in high-immersion virtual reality. British Journal of Educational Technology, XX(X), XX–XX.  

Kaplan-Rakowski, R., & Gruber, A. (2023). The impact of high-immersion virtual reality on foreign language anxiety when speaking in public. Smart Learning Environments, 10(46). 

Kaplan-Rakowski, R., Grotewold, K., Hartwick, P., & Papin, K. (2023). Generative AI and teachers’ perspectives on its implementation in education. Journal of Interactive Learning Research, 34(2), 313–338. 

Kaplan-Rakowski, R., Dhimolea, T. K., & Khukalenko, I. (2023). Language teachers’ beliefs about using immersive virtual reality. Education and Information Technologies,, 

Kaplan-Rakowski, R., Papin, K., & Hartwick, P. (2023). Language teachers’ perceptions and use of extended reality. CALICO Journal, 40(1), 1–23. 

Kaplan-Rakowski, R., Lin L., & Wojdynski, T. (2022). Learning vocabulary using 2D pictures is more effective than using immersive 3D stereoscopic pictures. International Journal of Human-Computer Interaction, 38(4), 299–308. 

Khukalenko, I., Kaplan-Rakowski, R., An, Y., & Iushina, V. (2022). Teachers’ perceptions of using virtual reality technology in classrooms: A large-scale survey. Education and Information Technologies, 27(8). 

Dhimolea, T.K., Kaplan-Rakowski, R., & Lin, L. (2022). A systematic review of research on high-immersion virtual reality for language learning. TechTrends, 66, 810–824. 

Papin, K., & Kaplan-Rakowski, R. (2022). A study on vocabulary learning using immersive 360° pictures. Computer Assisted Language Learning, 35. SSRN 

Hayes, A., Kaplan-Rakowski, R., Bland, D., Archibald, A.*, Lucke, H.*, Heap, T., & Taylor, D.* (2022). Implementing low-cost 360° video technology to promote core skills in journalism courses. The Journal of Applied Instructional Design, 11(4). 

Bartolic, S., Matzat, U., Tai, J., Burgess, J.-L., Boud, D., Craig, H., Archibald, A., De Jaeger, A.,  
Kaplan-Rakowski, R., Lutze-Mann, L., Polly, P., Roth, M., Heap, T., Agapito, J., & Guppy, N. (2022). Student vulnerabilities and confidence in learning in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. Studies in Higher Education, 47(12), pp. 2460–2472. 

Kaplan-Rakowski, R., Johnson, K., & Wojdynski, T.  (2021). The impact of virtual reality meditation on college students’ test performance. Smart Learning Environments, 8(21).  

Kaplan-Rakowski, R. (2021). Addressing students’ emotional needs during the COVID-19 pandemic: A perspective on text versus video feedback in online environments. Educational Technology Research and Development, 69(1), 133–136. [h5-index = 66] 

An, Y., Kaplan-Rakowski, R., Yang, J., Conan, J., Kinard, W., & Daughrity, L. (2021). Examining K-12 teachers’ feelings, experiences, and perspectives regarding online teaching during the early stage of the COVID-19 pandemic. Educational Technology Research and Development, 69(2), 2589–2613. 

Kaplan-Rakowski, R. (2019). The effect of stereoscopic three-dimensional images on vocabulary learning. Contemporary Educational Technology, 10(4), 324–337. 

Kaplan-Rakowski, R., & Loranc-Paszylk, B. (2019). The impact of verbal and nonverbal auditory resources on explicit foreign language vocabulary learning. System, 85, 12114.  



Kaplan-Rakowski, R. (in press, 2023). High-immersion virtual reality for pragmatics development. The Encyclopedia of Applied Linguistics (2nd ed). 

Kaplan-Rakowski, R., & Heap, T. (2023). Emerging technologies for blind and visually impaired learners: A case study. In D. Cockerham, R. Kaplan-Rakowski, W. Foshay, & M. J. Spector (Eds.) Reimagining education: Studies and stories for effective learning practices in an evolving digital society. Springer. 

Thrasher, T., Kaplan-Rakowski, R., Chun, D., & Sadler, R. (forthcoming, 2023). Virtual reality: ”Awesome”, ”OK”, or ”Not so good” for language learning? Short papers from EUROCALL 2023. 

Kaplan-Rakowski, R., & Ye, Y. (forthcoming, 2023). Listening tasks in virtual reality: A pilot study. Short papers from EUROCALL 2023. 

Dhimolea, T. K., Kaplan-Rakowski, R., & Lin, L. (2022). Supporting social and emotional well-being with artificial intelligence. In V. M. Albert, L. Lin, & J. M. Spector (Eds.), Bridging Human and Artificial Intelligence (pp. 125–138). Springer.